Caring for your Violin, Viola or Violoncello/ Como Cuidar tu Violin, Viola o Violonchelo


There's a reason why a number of Stradivari, Amati and Guarneri instruments are close to three hundred years old and are still being played: They have been lovingly cared for by their owners. Whether you own a golden age Strad, a Mirecourt shop violin or a well-made student instrument, the responsibility of caring for it lies with you, the player.
Because string instruments are made from wood, they require special treatment. The wood is very much alive (even though the tree has died) and reacts to temperature changes. For this reason, you must be aware of seasonal changes in your instrument which include temperature and humidity.
An instrument is also a mathematical marvel of complex numerical relationships and a bit of magic. For your instrument to sound its very best, all of the relationship must work together. This includes an excellent set-up (bridge, sound-post, tailpiece and fingerboard) by a qualified luthier, with well-fitted pegs, quality strings that your violin 'likes,' and daily practice.
  • After practicing or performing, always wipe the rosin dust (and fingerprints) from the instrument. Be careful to get under the strings between the f-holes. Rosin contains chemicals which can ruin your varnish if left on the instrument. And wipe off your strings. Clean strings vibrate much better than dirty ones--and last longer.

  • Once a year, have your instrument adjusted by a qualified luthier and cleaned by her/him if needed. Never use any type of alcohol to clean your instrument. And no furniture polish, please.

  • When changing strings, place the instrument on its back (with a towel or soft padding under the instrument), then remove and replace one string at a time. This keeps your bridge and soundpost in place.

  • Watch the angle of your bridge. As you tune your instrument, tightening the strings pulls the bridge forward. If the bridge is not kept straight, it will warp and/or break. Ask your luthier or teacher to show you how to straighten the bridge.

  • If the sound of your instrument changes, take it to your luthier for inspection. With weather changes (and age), the glue dries out or softens, causing your instrument to develop a seam opening. This is a fairly common problem. Your luthier will clean out the old glue, put in fresh and clamp the instrument until it dries. Take care of open seams immediately to avoid any cracking or warping of the wood.

  • If the fingerboard should come unglued--or the neck unglued, immediately loosen the strings to take the tension off the instrument. Take it to the violin shop right away for repair.

  • Any problems you may have with an instrument, such as slipping pegs, a change in sound, a broken bridge or fallen soundpost, should be evaluated and repaired by a qualified luthier as soon as possible. By talking with your luthier, you will learn many other details about potential problems.

  • Insure your instrument. Depending on the value of the instrument, you may want to place a rider on your home insurance policy or insure it with a musical instrument insurance company such as Clarion or Heritage. An update appraisal or receipt will be required.

  • Always keep your instrument in its case when it is not being played. Invest in a good case to protect your instrument.

  • Protect your instrument from extreme temperatures. Cold can cause the wood to crack or split. Cold can change the chemistry of glue, making it release its hold. Heat softens the glue, causing openings. Heat can also melt your varnish and do ugly, irreparable damage. Never leave your instrument in a car in any weather. Most insurance companies will not honor a claim if an instrument was left in a car. A good guideline is to keep your instrument as comfortable temperature-wise as you like to be.

And do not let other people play or handle your instrument!

Hay una razón por la cual los instrumentos Stradivari, Amati y Guarneri tienen cerca de trescientos años y todavía se están tocnado: Ellos han sido cuidadosamente atendidos por sus dueños. Si tu posees un Stradivarius edad de oro, una tienda de violín o un instrumento Mirecourt estudiante bien hecho, la responsabilidad de cuidar de que recae en ti el que lo toca.

Debido a que los instrumentos de cuerda están hechos de madera, que requieren un tratamiento especial. La madera está muy viva (a pesar de que el árbol ha muerto) y reacciona a los cambios de temperatura. Por esta razón, debe ser consciente de los cambios estacionales en su instrumento, que incluyen la temperatura y la humedad.

Un instrumento es también una maravilla matemática de las relaciones numéricas complejas y un poco de magia. Por su instrumento suene su mejor momento, todas las relaciones deben trabajar juntos. Esto incluye una excelente puesta a punto (puente, alma, cola y el diapasón) por un luthier cualificado, con las clavijas ajustadas bien, secuencias de calidad que su violín 'le gusta', y la práctica diaria.

Después de practicar o realizar, siempre limpie el polvo de la resina (y huellas dactilares) del instrumento. Tenga cuidado al meterse debajo de las cuerdas entre los agujeros. La resina contiene productos químicos que pueden dañar el barniz si se deja en el instrumento. Y limpie las cuerdas. cuerdas limpias vibran mucho mejor que las sucias - y duran más.

Una vez al año, haga que su instrumento ajustado por un luthier calificado y limpiado por él si es necesario. No utilice ningún tipo de alcohol para limpiar el instrumento. Y no pulidor de muebles, por favor.

Al cambiar las cuerdas, coloque el instrumento en su parte posterior (con una toalla o un relleno blando en el marco del instrumento), a continuación, retirar y reemplazar una cadena a la vez. Esto mantiene su puente y soundpost en su lugar.Ver el ángulo de su puente. A medida que afinar su instrumento, el endurecimiento de las cadenas tira del puente hacia adelante. Si el puente no se mantiene recta, que se tuerza y ​​/ o romperse.